July 17, 1902–Willis Carrier submits the plans for the first air conditioner, in Buffalo, New York. Folks in Louisiana celebrate this as a major holiday.
July 16, 1969–A Saturn V rocket boosts the Apollo 11 mission, with Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins, on its way to the moon. The lunar module would land on the Sea of Tranquility four days later.
July 5, 1937–Spam luncheon meat introduced by Hormel. I like mine fried, with lots of mayonnaise; Spam and eggs is pretty good, as well. Spam singles, straight from the package, is a lunch staple for me while in Kenya.
The US Constitution was signed September 17, 1987 in Philadelphia, but did not go into effect until nine states had ratified it (Article VII). On June 21, 1788, New Hampshire ratified, thus instituting our Constitutional order.
June 5, 1989–In Tiananmen Square, the Chinese government crushed a student-led demonstration for democratic reform and against government corruption, killing hundreds, or perhaps thousands of demonstrators in the strongest anti-government protest since the 1949 revolution. Ironically, the name Tiananmen means “Gate of Heavenly Peace”.
A Chinese man stands alone to block a line of tanks heading east on Beijing’s Cangan Blvd. in Tiananmen Square on June 5, 1989. The man, calling for an end to the recent violence and bloodshed against pro-democracy demonstrators, was pulled away by bystanders, and the tanks continued on their way. (AP Photo/Jeff Widener)
May 31, 1895–A patent for “Flaked Cereals and Process of Preparing Same” was filed by Dr. John Harvey Kellogg. Patent No. 558,393 was issued April 14, 1896. The red and green rooster provided my breakfast on many a morning.
May 22, 1906 – The Wright brothers are granted U.S. patent number 821,393 for their “Flying-Machine”.
May 21, 1927–Charles Lindbergh lands The Spirit of St. Louis at Le Bourget Field in Paris, ending the first solo non-stop flight from the United States to Europe. For this accomplishment, Lindbergh was awarded the Orteig Prize, as well as the Medal of Honor.
March 15, 44 BC–Julius Caesar is assassinated by a group of about Roman senators, led by Brutus and Cassius. As you may remember from high school literature class, in Shakespeare’s play, Caesar is warned by a soothsayer to “beware the Ides of March.”
The Romans kept track of days on their calendar by dividing each month up into three separate points marking the beginning, middle and end of the month. You may have guessed it, but the Ides fall in the middle of the month, on the 15th of March, May, July and October and the 13th for the rest of the year.